Spomenik_01 Spomenik_02 Spomenik_03 Spomenik_04 Spomenik_05 Spomenik_06 Spomenik_07 Spomenik_08 Spomenik_09 Spomenik_10 Spomenik_11 Spomenik_12 Spomenik_13 Spomenik_14 Spomenik_15 Spomenik_16 Spomenik_17 Spomenik_18 Spomenik_19 Spomenik_20 Spomenik_21 Spomenik_22 Spomenik_23 Spomenik_24 Spomenik_25 Spomenik_26

These structures were commissioned by former Yugoslavian president Josip Broz Tito in the 1960s and 70s to commemorate sites where WWII battles took place (like Tjentište, Kozara and Kadinjača), or where concentration camps stood (like Jasenovac and Niš). They were designed by different sculptors (Dušan Džamonja, Vojin Bakić, Miodrag Živković, Jordan and Iskra Grabul, to name a few) and architects (Bogdan Bogdanović, Gradimir Medaković…), conveying powerful visual impact to show the confidence and strength of the Socialist Republic. In the 1980s, these monuments attracted millions of visitors per year, especially young pioneers for their “patriotic education.” After the Republic dissolved in early 1990s, they were completely abandoned, and their symbolic meanings were forever lost.

From 2006 to 2009, Kempenaers toured around the ex-Yugoslavia region (now Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, etc.) with the help of a 1975 map of memorials, bringing before our eyes a series of melancholy yet striking images. His photos raise a question: can these former monuments continue to exist as pure sculptures? On one hand, their physical dilapidated condition and institutional neglect reflect a more general social historical fracturing. And on the other hand, they are still of stunning beauty without any symbolic significances. –

See more at: http://www.cracktwo.com